Robust Resource Optimization for Cooperative Cognitive Radio Networks with Imperfect CSI

We develop robust resource-allocation schemes for a cognitive radio network (CRN), where the secondary users (SUs) try to communicate with each other from different small cell primary user (PU) networks. User cooperation technique is considered for communication among the SUs since PUs are in close proximity and there are tight interference constraints on the PU bands. Power allocation and relay selection schemes are optimized with the provision of quality of service to each SU considering different channel uncertainty models. We incorporate the channel outage events that have resulted from the imperfect channel state information under slow-fading channels in our resource optimization algorithms.

We maximize the system goodput of the CRN while satisfying the interference constraints of the PU bands both probabilistically and for the worst case scenario. The original probabilistic optimization problem is approximated and transformed into a convex deterministic form, and a closed-form analytical solution for power allocation is derived. The closed-form power allocation solution helps us to develop an efficient relay selection scheme based on Hungarian algorithm. Simulation results reveal the effectiveness of our proposed schemes and the implications of ignoring the imperfectness among different channels when developing resource-allocation algorithms for CRNs.